Modified predator-prey algorithm approach to designing a cooling or insulating skylight

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Martin Fält, Frank Pettersson, Ron Zevenhoven
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Building and Environment
Volume number: 126
Start page: 331
End page: 338
eISSN: 1873-684X


Abstract

Both cooling and thermal insulation can be achieved using a triple-glazed skylight filled with a gas that absorbs and emits thermal radiation. Utilizing radiative cooling as the driving force a cooling effect can be achieved in the here outlined skylight, while it can also act as a thermal insulator when desired.

Inside the skylight the gas it contains circulates by natural convection induced by its heated lower compartment to the radiatively cooled upper compartment that “sees” the sky. By this circulation, cooling is obtained to a room located below the skylight. When this circulation is cut off, the skylight acts as a thermal insulator. This gives a multi-objective optimization problem, as these two objectives are conflicting.

In this article, a Pareto front is created that shows possible trade-off solutions between the cooling and insulating properties of the designed skylight. This Pareto front is created by optimizing the dimensions of the skylight. Thus, the skylight will provide an optimal cooling effect and an optimal insulation effect when needed.


Keywords

evolutionary algorithms, Radiative cooling, Skylight, Structure design, Thermal radiation

Last updated on 2019-20-08 at 05:03