Shikongo shaKalulu, Nakambale and Shared Memories: Olukonda historic mission station as a cultural memory and heritage site

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Kim Groop
Publisher: Otjivanda Presse
Place: Essen
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Journal of Namibian Studies: History Politics Culture
Volume number: 21
Start page: 65
End page: 87
eISSN: 2197-5523


In 1992, the old Finnish mission station Olukonda in the Oshikoto Region of northern Namibia was declared a national heritage site. This was the first such heritage declaration after Namibia gained its independence in 1990. In this article, I examine the Olukonda station from a historical and cultural memory perspective. The legendary missionary Martti Rautanen – or Nakambale – resided at the site between 1880 and his death in 1926, and he is buried at Olukonda together with most of his family members. Olukonda is the site where the relationship between the king(s) and the missionaries was tested, shaped, and consolidated. At Olukonda Finnishmissionary Lutheranism was gradually adopted by Ondonga society, and eventually Olukonda would become a site which the Ovambo would view as a part of their own heritage. In the article, I discuss remembrance and forgetting, time demarcations, and the different understandings of decisive events of the past. I argue that Olukonda is the main site which nurtures the memory of the Lutheran past in northern Namibia, but also that, at Olukonda, various mission and church related memories intermingle with nationalism and Ovambo culture.

Last updated on 2019-20-10 at 04:13