Chemical characterisation of polymerised extractives in bleached birch kraft pulp

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Smeds AI, Vahasalo L, Rahkila J, Eklund PC, Willfor SM
Förläggare: WALTER DE GRUYTER GMBH
Publiceringsår: 2019
Tidskrift: Holzforschung
Tidskriftsakronym: HOLZFORSCHUNG
Volym: 73
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 1017
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 1033
Antal sidor: 17
ISSN: 0018-3830


Abstrakt

The main aim of this study was to chemically characterise the polymeric fraction of birch pulp extractives. We showed that 70-96% of the material in extracts of fully bleached birch kraft elemental chlorine-free (ECF) pulp from three Finnish mills consists of compounds that are undetectable by conventional gas chromatography (GC) analysis, i.e. high-molar mass (HM) material. There were small variations in the extractive content and composition between the three mills, but the overall trend was the same. The HM material was present mainly in the acetone extracts, and the molar mass was shown to range between ca. 1000 and 10 000 Da. Alkaline hydrolysis of the hexane and acetone extracts released fatty acids (FAs) especially, but also sterols and triterpenoids. The dominating FAs were palmitic and stearic acids. Pyrolysis and thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM)-GC-mass spectrometry (MS) analyses confirmed that the HM material consists mainly of FA units, and additionally of sterol, triterpenoid and aromatic units. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis further confirmed the presence of FAs containing aromatic groups, but also glycerol units. The FA chains seemed to be linked to each other by ester linkages mainly, although ether linkages were also present. The FA oligomers and polymers may have a suberin-like structure.


Nyckelord

betulinol, Biopolymers, fatty acid polymers, Papermaking

Senast uppdaterad 2020-28-02 vid 05:31