Type-planning a Fenno-Swedish identity. The housing association for the Swedish speaking areas of Finland and the ideal rural home between 1938 and 1969

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Mia Åkerfelt
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Publication year: 2019
Journal: SHS Web of Conferences
Volume number: 63
eISSN: 2261-2424


Better housing for the rural population was an important part ofthe Finnish housing discussion in the 20th century. Between 1938 and 1969, Bostadsföreningen för svenska Finland
(The housing association for the Swedish speaking areas of Finland)
promoted rational housingfor the Fenno-Swedish minority. The
construction of a collective identityfor a minority through dwelling
ideals is the main focus of the article.Methods as identity process
theory and perspectives on architecture and nationalism are used to
interpret the material. Specific questions relate to how modernist
architecture became a symbol when constructing an identity for a
non-homogeneous minority. The housing association viewed modernist
housing as a solution to a political and ideologicalproblem. With
efficient homes, Fenno-Swedish farmers were less inclined to sell their
homesteads to Finnish speakers and move to the cities, where they were
assimilated into the Finnish culture. Mobility wasperceived as a threat
to the minority, since it led to a loss of voters in areas of political
importance. Modernist architecture combined with aesthetics from the
vernacular building tradition were used to make thefarmers proud of
their ancestral homes, willing to stay, securing theideological home of
the Fenno-Swedes.


Housing, housing research, minority nationalism


Last updated on 2020-26-02 at 03:55