The Fishers of the Archipelago Sea – Resilience, Sustainability, Knowledge, and Agency

G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Sonck-Rautio Kirsi
Publisher: University of Turku
Place: turku
Publication year: 2019
ISBN: 978-951-29-7824-3


Abstract

This doctoral
dissertation combines ethnology and environmental science in order to
recognise changes in the operational environment of the livelihoods and
lifestyles of coastal small-scale fishers in the Archipelago Sea and the
constraints that mostly influence the abundance and resilience of
fisheries in the Archipelago Sea — from the fishers’ perspective. This
study focuses on recognising the mechanisms that are decreasing
resilience as well as examining the relationships between policy-making,
scientific research and knowledge by applying the framework of
political ecology. Finally, the aim is to find solutions for promoting
transformations that will foster cultural resilience and sustainability
as well as other dimensions of both.

The research material for
the doctoral dissertation was gathered by conducting ethnographic
fieldwork, including 23 in-depth interviews and participant
observa¬tion. Media and scientific articles and reports also formed a
portion of the material analysed for this study. The research material
was analysed abductively, and as a practical tool, qualitative analysis
software Nvivo was applied as well. The timeframe of the analysis is
from 1880 to the present, starting from the commercialisation of
winter-seining in the Archipelago Sea and concluding with a discussion
of the pres¬ent-day challenges facing fisheries. There is, however, an
embedded future-oriented thinking present throughout this study, as many
of the concepts applied, such as resilience and adaptation, contain an
implicit future-thinking aspect.

It was found that according to
fishers, the most important constraint influencing the resilience of
small-scale fisheries is the ever-increasing number of environmental
policies and an unwillingness to acknowledge the local ecological
knowledge pos¬sessed by the fishers. The ensuing environmental conflict
is to some extent a con¬sequence of not including the dimension of
cultural sustainability in policy-making processes, or in research
involving environmental management and conservation, and not recognising
the potential offered by local ecological knowledge both for pro¬moting
overall sustainability and also as a tool for enhancing the social
acceptance of environmental policies


Keywords

Cultural sustainability, Fisheries, Political ecology, Sustainability

Last updated on 2020-04-04 at 02:27