IDENTIFICATION OF PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A AS THE PRIMARY TARGET FOR MICROCYSTIN-1R IN RAT-LIVER HOMOGENATES

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: TOIVOLA DM, ERIKSSON JE, BRAUTIGAN DL
Förläggare: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publiceringsår: 1994
Tidskrift: FEBS Letters
Tidskriftsakronym: FEBS LETT
Volym: 344
Nummer: 2-3
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 175
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 180
Antal sidor: 6
ISSN: 0014-5793


Abstrakt

The liver-specific toxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent inhibitor of type 1 (PP1) and type 2A (PP2A) protein phosphatases. A tritiated form of the toxin, [H-3]dihydromicrocystin-LR ([H-3]DMC-LR), was used to identify target proteins in cellular fractions prepared from rat liver homogenates. About 80% of the [H-3]DMC-LR bound to proteins was in the cytosolic fraction, which contained essentially all of the PPM. In contrast, much of the PPI was found in particulate fractions, each with only a few percent of the total protein-bound [(3)]HDMC-LR. Protein-bound [H-3]DMC-LR in the cytosol co-eluted with PP2A, but not with PP-I from a DEAE-Sepharose column. Native forms of liver cytoplasmic PP2A and PPI separated by aminohexyl-Sepharose adsorption showed similar sensitivity to inhibition by MC-LR, and bound [3H]DMC-LR proportional to the amount of phosphatase activity. The results indicate that [H-3]DMC-LP can bind both PP2A and PPI in the liver which must be important for microcystin-induced toxicity, but is recovered mainly bound to PP2A in the cytosol.


Nyckelord

HEPATOTOXIN, MICROCYSTIN-LR, protein phosphatase 2a, PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE I, RAT LIVER HOMOGENATE

Senast uppdaterad 2019-19-11 vid 03:19