IDENTIFICATION OF PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A AS THE PRIMARY TARGET FOR MICROCYSTIN-1R IN RAT-LIVER HOMOGENATES

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: TOIVOLA DM, ERIKSSON JE, BRAUTIGAN DL
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication year: 1994
Journal: FEBS Letters
Journal acronym: FEBS LETT
Volume number: 344
Issue number: 2-3
Start page: 175
End page: 180
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0014-5793


Abstract

The liver-specific toxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent inhibitor of type 1 (PP1) and type 2A (PP2A) protein phosphatases. A tritiated form of the toxin, [H-3]dihydromicrocystin-LR ([H-3]DMC-LR), was used to identify target proteins in cellular fractions prepared from rat liver homogenates. About 80% of the [H-3]DMC-LR bound to proteins was in the cytosolic fraction, which contained essentially all of the PPM. In contrast, much of the PPI was found in particulate fractions, each with only a few percent of the total protein-bound [(3)]HDMC-LR. Protein-bound [H-3]DMC-LR in the cytosol co-eluted with PP2A, but not with PP-I from a DEAE-Sepharose column. Native forms of liver cytoplasmic PP2A and PPI separated by aminohexyl-Sepharose adsorption showed similar sensitivity to inhibition by MC-LR, and bound [3H]DMC-LR proportional to the amount of phosphatase activity. The results indicate that [H-3]DMC-LP can bind both PP2A and PPI in the liver which must be important for microcystin-induced toxicity, but is recovered mainly bound to PP2A in the cytosol.


Keywords

HEPATOTOXIN, MICROCYSTIN-LR, protein phosphatase 2a, PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE I, RAT LIVER HOMOGENATE

Last updated on 2019-17-11 at 04:59