Boosting the elongation potential of paper by mechanical refining and additives

A4 Conference proceedings

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Anders Strand, Jarmo Kouko, Antti Oksanen, Kristian Salminen, Annika Ketola, Elias Retulainen, Anna Sundberg
Place: Peachtree Corners, GA
Publication year: 2018
Publisher: TAPPI Press
Book title: Paper Conference and Trade Show (PaperCon 2018) : Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, 15-18 April 2018
Volume number: 2
Start page: 761
End page: 770
ISBN: 978-1-59510-268-3


The procedures used in restraining the web during drying will severely affect paper properties. In this work, the main differences between restrained drying and unrestrained drying on paper properties were identified. The mechanical properties of paper were studied as a function of low-consistency mechanical refining energy, wet-end additions of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) with cationic starches, as well as spray addition of alginate, chitosan and cationic guar gum.

Low-consistency refining: After restrained drying, the tensile index and tensile stiffness increased with increasing refining energy, but the elongation at break was severely limited. After unrestrained drying, the elongation at break increased linearly with increasing refining energy. However, unrestrained drying also resulted in significantly lower tensile index and tensile stiffness values.

Wet-end addition: After restrained drying, the largest increases in tensile index and stiffness were obtained by sequential wet-end addition of CMC and cationic starches. Certain combinations could mitigate all of the decrease in tensile index from unrestrained drying, while maintaining the distinctively high elongation potential of the paper. Wet-end addition of CMC and cationic starches could mitigate some of the decrease in tensile stiffness, but not completely.

Spray addition: Spray addition of alginate, chitosan, or cationic guar gum increased the tensile index after both restrained and unrestrained drying. Spray addition of alginate resulted in significant increases in elongation at break and 2D formability of the handsheets after unrestrained drying. After restrained drying, the tensile stiffness increased after spray addition of all of the different polysaccharides. After unrestrained drying, however, the stiffness was unaffected by all of the tested polysaccharide spray additions.
The main differences between restrained and unrestrained drying on paper properties were revealed. Restrained drying resulted in very stiff paper after prolonged refining, with certain wet-end additions, or with spray additions of polysaccharides, but the elongation potential of the fiber network was quite limited. Unrestrained drying resulted in high elongation at break values as a result of prolonged refining, with certain wet-end additions, or spray-addition of polysaccharides, but the tensile stiffness was very limited. It was concluded that the same pulp treatment/additives will increase either stiffness or stretch, depending on the drying technique, but both properties could not be maximized simultaneously


Elongation, Papermaking, Tensile index

Last updated on 2020-15-08 at 05:59