Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 4 exhibit distinct regulation of cancer cell stemness mediated by cell death-induced high-mobility group box 1.

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Xuelian Chen, Fang Cheng, Yanfang Liu, Lirong Zhang, Lian Song, Xiaojie Cai, Tao You, Xin Fan, Dongqing Wang, Aihua Gong, Haitao Zhu
Publication year: 2019
Journal: EBioMedicine
Journal acronym: EBioMedicine
ISSN: 2352-3964


Abstract

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a common extracellular damage associated molecular pattern molecule, is overexpressed in several solid tumors including pancreatic carcinoma. We previously observed that radiotherapy induced dying cells secrete HMGB1 and accelerate pancreatic carcinoma progression through an unclear mechanism.
cancer cell stemness in vitro and in vivo. Interactions between HMGB1 and Toll-like receptor 2(TLR2)/TLR4 were studied by co- immunoprecipitation. Western blot and short-hairpin RNA-based knockdown assays were conducted to detect HMGB1 and TLR2/TLR4 signaling activity.
cancer cells.
Our results show how irradiation-induced cell death might enhance the stemness of resident cancer cells, and indicate HMGB1-TLR2 signaling as a potential therapeutic target for preventing pancreatic cancer recurrence.
BACKGROUND
METHODS
FINDINGS
INTERPRETATION


Keywords

cancer stem cells, HMGB1, radiotherapy, TLR2, TLR4

Last updated on 2019-06-12 at 04:24