Selectivity of lithium electrodes: Correlation with ion-ionophore complex stability constants and with interfacial exchange current densities

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Mikhelson KN, Bobacka J, Ivaska A, Lewenstam A, Bochenska M
Förläggare: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Publiceringsår: 2002
Tidskrift: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tidskriftsakronym: ANAL CHEM
Volym: 74
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 518
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 527
Antal sidor: 10
ISSN: 0003-2700


Abstrakt

lithium-selective electrodes with solvent polymeric membranes based on two different dicyclohexylamide neutral ionophores are studied systematically. The selectivity of lithium response is studied by means of the ordinary potentiometric experiments. Stability constants of lithium, sodium, and potassium ions with the neutral ionophores are measured by means of the segmented sandwich membrane method. Charge transfer through the membrane bulk and across the membrane/solution interface is studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Well-resolved Faradaic impedance semicircles are obtained, allowing calculation of exchange current densities for lithium, sodium, and potassium. It is clearly demonstrated that the potentiometric selectivity coefficients correlate well with thermodynamic equilibrium parameters. The correlation with exchange current densities also exists, although it is low, and seems rather qualitative than quantitative. The results are treated in favor of equilibrium at the membrane/solution interface. It is also concluded (tentatively) that the kinetic description is equivalent to the equilibrium one, giving evidence that ion-ionophore complexes form directly at the interface.

Senast uppdaterad 2019-15-12 vid 04:20