Complexities of the Baltic Sea Regulatory Framework

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Viljam Engström
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Marine Policy
Volume number: 98
Issue number: December
Start page: 191
End page: 200


The Baltic Sea Region is subject to international regulation at the
global level, through EU legislation, and sub-regionally. This article
aims is to identify features of the regulatory framework both in terms
of the nature of core legal instruments and the role of
intergovernmental organizations. As the article seeks to identify
interconnections between the regulatory layers, the role of EU law for
Baltic Sea cooperation warrants special attention. EU law, the article
claims, not only comes with a promise of monitoring and enforcement, but
can also be a main source of diffusion of the regulatory process.
Further, while EU law structures the regulatory scene in accordance with
EU competence, it excludes one Baltic Sea littoral state – the Russian
Federation. For this reason alone, the global and regional levels retain
their importance, underlining also the importance of regulatory

Last updated on 2020-26-09 at 03:07