The role of general executive functions in receptive language switching and monitoring

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Jylkkä J, Lehtonen M, Kuusakoski A, Lindholm F, Hut SCA, Laine M
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
Journal acronym: BILING-LANG COGN
Volume number: 21
Issue number: 4
Start page: 839
End page: 855
Number of pages: 17
ISSN: 1366-7289


We assessed language switch and mixing costs in a language-general semantic categorization task and examined how these costs relate to general inhibition and set shifting capacities. The participants were 51 native Finnish subjects with English as L2. The results showed significant symmetric language switch costs and, unexpectedly, a mixing advantage in L2: reaction times were faster in the mixed language block than in the single language block. The interactions with the general executive functions showed no consistent overall pattern. We argue that the L2 mixing advantage stems from statistical facilitation in line with a horse race model, or from opportunistic planning as suggested by the Adaptive Control hypothesis. We argue that the results overall indicate that lexical access in language reception is non-selective.


Adaptive Control hypothesis, asymmetric mixing advantage, asymmetric switch cost, BIA model, BIA plus model, Horse Race model, inhibitory control model, language mixing, Language switching, semantic categorization, set-shifting

Last updated on 2020-28-01 at 05:00