The relationship between general executive functions and bilingual switching and monitoring in language production

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Jylkkä J, Lehtonen M, Lindholm F, Kuusakoski A, Laine M
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
Journal acronym: BILING-LANG COGN
Volume number: 21
Issue number: 3
Start page: 505
End page: 522
Number of pages: 18
ISSN: 1366-7289


We examined the role of general inhibitory control and general set shifting processes in bilingual language production in 51 native Finnish speakers with English as L2, mainly learnt after the age of 7. We tested the hypothesis that inhibitory control, measured with the Simon and Flanker tasks, is central when switching into L1 (Green, 1998) and, more generally, that general set shifting processes, measured with the Number-Letter task, underlie language switching and mixing (Meuter & Allport, 1999). The results were inconsistent. The basic language switch cost effects were in line with the inhibitory control model, but the interactions with the executive tasks did not support the model and were partly contrary to it. The general set shifting hypothesis received some support. Alternative explanations of the sources of the switching and mixing cost asymmetries in bilingual language production are discussed.


asymmetric mixing cost, asymmetric switching cost, inhibitory control model, language mixing, Language switching

Last updated on 2020-28-02 at 05:55

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