Estonian NGOs at the Crossroads of Professionalization and Grassroots Activism

A3 Book section, Chapters in research books

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Lagerspetz Mikko
Editors: David Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, Svitlana Krasynska
Place: Leiden, Boston
Publication year: 2018
Publisher: Brill
Book title: The Nonprofit Sector in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia. Civil Society Advances and Challenges.
Title of series: Brill's Nonprofit Sector Research Series
Number in series: 1
Start page: 154
End page: 173
ISBN: 978-90-04-38061-5
eISBN: 978-90-04-38062-2
ISSN: 2352-3891


The chapter provides an overview of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Estonia. More specifically, it discusses prominent features of the sector's development in the 2000s, including an ongoing professionalization of the organizations and the emergence of symbiotic relations with the state and local authorities. On the one hand, such development could be seen as a strengthening of civil society due to the increased access of NGOs to public resources, and to the sector's more established social position. On the other hand, it could also lead to the weakening of its function as a central component of civil society.


Last updated on 2020-03-08 at 05:24