Homophobia in child custody cases: An experimental study

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Santtila P, Sandnabba NK, Wallenborg A-S
Publisher: DANSK PSYKOLOGISK FORLAG-DANISH PSYCHOLOGICAL PUBLISHERS
Publication year: 2007
Journal: Nordic Psychology
Journal acronym: NORD PSYCHOL
Volume number: 59
Issue number: 2
Start page: 135
End page: 148
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 1901-2276


Abstract

We examined the effects of litigant sexual orientation, litigant gender, child gender and participant level of homophobia on custody decisions. One hundred and fifty-four Swedish law students in their final years of education responded to vignettes describing the litigants and the general circumstances of a child custody case. Vignettes varied regarding litigant sexual orientation, litigant gender and child gender, and were followed by a question concerning which of the litigants ought to be awarded custody, along with scales aimed at measuring the perceived parenting ability of the litigants. As a separate stage, participants responded to a scale measuring homophobia. The results revealed that there was no influence of litigant sexual orientation, child gender or participant level of homophobia on custody decisions, and that the mean level of homophobia of the participants was low, although it was shown that male participants were more homophobic than female participants. The generalisability of the findings to Swedish practitioners of law was discussed. Among other things the participants were of a different generation than the majority of law professionals in the field today.


Keywords

child custody, gay male and lesbian parents, homophobia, homosexuality, judicial bias, parenting

Last updated on 2020-25-05 at 03:50