Absorption of HCl by limestone in hot flue gases. Part II: importance of calcium hydroxychloride

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Publikationens författare: Partanen J, Backman P, Backman R, Hupa M
Förläggare: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publiceringsår: 2005
Tidskrift: Fuel
Tidskriftsakronym: FUEL
Volym: 84
Nummer: 12-13
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 1674
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 1684
Antal sidor: 11
ISSN: 0016-2361


Abstrakt

In the present study, the potential for products other than CaCl2 to be formed during HCl absorption was studied to shed light on the mechanisms of limestone chlorination. Experiments of different durations were made with a thermogravimetric apparatus, and the crystalline reaction products were identified by X-ray diffractometry (XRD). In the experiments, absorption products with Cl/Ca molar ratios of less than two were found to be formed in the early stages of absorbent chlorination. Calcium hydroxychloride, CaClOH, was found to be a particularly important chloride product; the XRD analyses of the chlorinated samples indicated that CaClOH is the first product to form when HCl is absorbed by limestone. The end product of chlorination, however, was found to be CaCl2. This result was true for the reactions of both calcined and uncalcined limestone at two temperature levels, 650 and 850 degrees C. The thermodynamic equilibrium calculations performed suggested that the CaClOH would not be thermodynamically stable above 700 degrees C for gas concentrations that are encountered in combustion installations.


Nyckelord

absorption, CaClOH, FBC, HCl, limestone, mechanism

Senast uppdaterad 2019-22-09 vid 03:27