Catalytic pyrolysis of woody biomass in a fluidized bed reactor: Influence of the zeolite structure

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Aho A, Kumar N, Eranen K, Salmi T, Hupa M, Murzin DY
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication year: 2008
Journal: Fuel
Journal acronym: FUEL
Volume number: 87
Issue number: 12
Start page: 2493
End page: 2501
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0016-2361


Abstract

Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass from pine wood was carried out in a fluidized bed reactor at 450 degrees C. Different structures of acidic zeolite catalysts were used as bed material in the reactor. Proton forms of Beta, Y, ZSM-5, and Mordenite were tested as catalysts in the pyrolysis of pine, while quartz sand was used as a reference material in the non-catalytic pyrolysis experiments. The yield of the pyrolysis product phases was only slightly influenced by the structures, at the same time the chemical composition of the bio-oil was dependent on the structure of acidic zeolite catalysts. Ketones and phenols were the dominating groups of compounds in the bio-oil. The formation of ketones was higher over ZSM-5 and the amount of acids and alcohols lower than over the other bed materials tested. Mordenite and quartz sand produced smaller quantities of polyaromatic hydrocarbons than the other materials tested. It was possible to successfully regenerate the spent zeolites without changing the structure of the zeolite.


Keywords

biomass, catalytic pyrolysis, fluidized bed reactor, zeolites

Last updated on 2019-21-10 at 04:00