Brain size-related breeding strategies in a seabird

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Jaatinen K, Öst M
Förläggare: SPRINGER
Publiceringsår: 2016
Tidskrift: Oecologia
Tidskriftsakronym: OECOLOGIA
Volym: 180
Nummer: 1
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 67
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 76
Antal sidor: 10
ISSN: 0029-8549
eISSN: 1432-1939


Abstrakt

The optimal compromise between decision speed and accuracy may depend on cognitive ability, associated with the degree of encephalization: larger brain size may select for accurate but slow decision-making, beneficial under challenging conditions but costly under benign ones. How this brain size-dependent selection pressure shapes avian breeding phenology and reproductive performance remains largely unexplored. We predicted that (1) large-brained individuals have a delayed breeding schedule due to thorough nest-site selection and/or prolonged resource acquisition, (2) good condition facilitates early breeding independent of relative brain size, and (3) large brain size accrues benefits mainly to individuals challenged by environmental or intrinsic constraints. To test these predictions, we examined how the relative head volume of female eiders (Somateria mollissima) of variable body condition correlated with their breeding schedule, hatching success and offspring quality. The results were consistent with our predictions. First, large head size was associated with a progressively later onset of breeding with increasing breeding dispersal distance. Second, increasing body condition advanced the timing of breeding, but this effect was significantly weaker in large-brained females. Third, larger head volume was associated with increased hatching success mainly among late breeders and those in poor body condition, and duckling body condition was positively related to maternal head volume, but only in poor-condition mothers. Our study is, to our knowledge, the first to demonstrate the presence of brain size-related differences in reproductive strategies within a single natural population.


Nyckelord

Animal personality, Breeding phenology, Breeding success, Cognition, Speed-accuracy trade-off

Senast uppdaterad 2020-28-02 vid 04:08