Gene expression profiling reveals multiple novel intrinsic and extrinsic factors associated with axonal regeneration failure

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Kury P, Abankwa D, Kruse F, Greiner-Petter R, Muller HW
Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Publication year: 2004
Journal: European Journal of Neuroscience
Journal acronym: EUR J NEUROSCI
Volume number: 19
Issue number: 1
Start page: 32
End page: 42
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0953-816X


Abstract

In contrast to the regeneration-competent peripheral nervous system (PNS), lesions of nerve tracts within the central nervous system (CNS) lead to chronically impaired neuronal connections. We have analysed changes in gene expression patterns occurring as a consequence of postcommissural fornix transection at a time when spontaneous axonal growth has ceased at the lesion site. This was done in order to describe both extrinsic and intrinsic determinants of regeneration failure. Using a genomic approach we have identified a number of so far undetected factors such as bamacan and semaphorin 6B, which relate to chronic axonal growth arrest and therefore are promising candidates for lesion-induced axonal growth inhibitors. In addition, we observed that within the subiculum, where the fornix axons originate, neuronal Oct-6 was induced and NG2 was down-regulated, indicating that axotomized neurons as well as glial cells react at the level of gene expression to remote axotomy.


Keywords

axotomy, central nervous system, DNA array, lesion site, regeneration

Last updated on 2019-16-10 at 02:39