Reactivity of sewage sludge, RDF, and straw chars towards NO

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Burak Ulusoy, Hao Wu, Weigang Lin, Oskar Karlström, Songgeng Li, Wenli Song, Peter Glarborg, Kim Dam-Johansen
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Fuel
Volume number: 236
Start page: 297
End page: 305


Abstract

The reaction of NO with chars of sewage sludge, refuse derived fuel
(RDF), and straw was investigated in a fixed bed reactor at temperatures
from 800 to 900 °C and NO inlet concentrations from 400 to 1500 ppmv.
The effect of ash forming elements in the chars was examined by
comparing the reactivity of raw and demineralized chars. Compared to
straw char, the reaction rates of sewage sludge and RDF char, at 800 °C
and 400 ppmv inlet NO, was an order of magnitude and a factor of six
higher, respectively. The very high reactivity of the two waste chars
was attributed to the catalytic effect of their large content of calcium
and iron. A simple first order globalized rate expression was employed
to describe the reactivity of waste chars toward NO, which predicted
reasonably well the the conversion of char nitrogen to NO during char
combustion at 800 °C in 10% O2. A comparison with literature
data revealed a higher reactivity of the waste chars towards NO compared
to that of coal and biomass chars. The results in this work provide a
simple and validated rate expression to simulate waste char-NO reaction
in boilers, and moreover facilitate a potential utilization of waste
chars as primary or secondary measures for NO reduction.


Last updated on 2020-08-07 at 03:30