Cellulose nanocrystals prepared via formic acid hydrolysis followed by TEMPO-mediated oxidation

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Bin Li, Wenyang Xu, Dennis Kronlund, Anni Määttänen, Jun Liu, Jan-Henrik Smått, Jouko Peltonen, Stefan Willför, Xindong Mu, Chunlin Xu
Förläggare: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publiceringsår: 2015
Tidskrift: Carbohydrate Polymers
Tidskriftsakronym: CARBOHYD POLYM
Volym: 133
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 605
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 612
Antal sidor: 8
ISSN: 0144-8617
eISSN: 1879-1344


Abstrakt

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as a renewable and biodegradable nanomaterial have wide application value. In this work, CNCs were extracted from bleached chemical pulp using two stages of isolation (i.e. formic acid (FA) hydrolysis and 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) mediated oxidation) under mild conditions. In the first stage, FA was used to remove hemicellulose, swell cellulose fibers, and release CNCs. The FA could be readily recovered and reused. In the second stage, the CNCs isolated by FA were further modified by TEMPO-mediated oxidation to increase the surface charge of CNCs. It was found that the modified CNCs with more ordered crystal structure and higher surface charge had better redispersibility and higher viscosity in aqueous phase. Therefore, the modified CNCs could be more effective when used as rheology modifier in the fields of water based coating, paint, food etc.


Nyckelord

Cellulose nanocrystals, Characterization, Formic acid, Rheology, TEMPO oxidation

Senast uppdaterad 2020-21-01 vid 02:43