Ion-selective electrodes in potentiometric titrations; a new method for processing and evaluating titration data

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Kim Granholm, Tomasz Sokalski, Andrzej Lewenstam, Ari Ivaska
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication year: 2015
Journal: Analytica Chimica Acta
Journal acronym: ANAL CHIM ACTA
Volume number: 888
Start page: 36
End page: 43
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0003-2670
eISSN: 1873-4324


Abstract

A new method to convert the potential of an ion-selective electrode to concentration or activity in potentiometric titration is proposed. The advantage of this method is that the electrode standard potential and the slope of the calibration curve do not have to be known. Instead two activities on the titration curve have to be estimated e.g. the starting activity before the titration begins and the activity at the end of the titration in the presence of large excess of titrant. This new method is beneficial when the analyte is in a complexed matrix or in a harsh environment which affects the properties of the electrode and the traditional calibration procedure with standard solutions cannot be used. The new method was implemented both in a method of linearization based on the Grans's plot and in determination of the stability constant of a complex and the concentration of the complexing ligand in the sample. The new method gave accurate results when using titrations data from experiments with samples of known composition and with real industrial harsh black liquor sample. A complexometric titration model was also developed.


Keywords

Black liquor, Calcium, Complexation in sample, Ion-selective electrode, Simulation, Titration

Last updated on 2019-15-11 at 03:24