1.8 Ga Svecofennian post-collisional shoshonitic magmatism in the Fennoscandian shield

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Eklund O, Konopelko D, Rutanen H, Frojdo S, Shebanov AD
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publication year: 1998
Journal: Lithos
Journal acronym: LITHOS
Volume number: 45
Issue number: 1-4
Start page: 87
End page: 108
Number of pages: 22
ISSN: 0024-4937


Abstract

At least 14 small (1-11 km across) 1.8 Ga Svecofennian post-collisional bimodal intrusions occur in southern Finland and Russian Karelia in a 600-km-long belt from the Aland Islands to the NW Lake Ladoga region. The rocks range from ultramafic, calc-alkaline, apatite-rich potassium lamprophyres to peraluminous HiBaSr granites, and form a shoshonitic series with K2O + Na2O > 5%, K2O/Na2O > 0.5, Al2O3 > 9% over a wide spectrum of SiO2 (32-78%). Although strongly enriched in all rocks, the LILE Ba and Sr and the LREE generally define a decreasing trend with increasing SiO2. Depletion is noted for HFSE Ti, Nb and Ta. Available isotopic data show overlapping values for lamprophyres and granites within separate intrusions and a cogenetic origin is thus not precluded. Initial magmas (Mg# > 65) in this shoshonitic association are considered to be generated in an enriched lithospheric mantle during post-collisional uplift some 30 Ma after the regional Svecofennian metamorphic peak. However, prior to the melting episode, the lithospheric mantle was affected by carbonatite metasomatism; more extensively in the east than in the west. The melts generated in the more carbonate-rich mantle are extremely enriched in P2O5 similar to 4%, F similar to 12,000 ppm, LILE: Ba similar to 9000 ppm, Sr similar to 7000 ppm, LREE: La similar to 600 ppm and Ce similar to 1000 ppm. The parental magma underwent 55-60% fractionation of biotite + clinopyroxene + apatite + magnetite + sphene whereupon intermediate varieties were produced. After further fractionation, 60-80%, of K-feldspar + amphibole + plagioclase + (minor magnetite, sphene and apatite), leucosyenites and quartz-monzonites were formed. In the west, where the source was less affected by carbonatite metasomatism, calc-alkaline lamprophyres (vogesites, minettes and spessartites) and equivalent plutonic rocks (monzonites) were formed. Removal of about 50% of biotite, amphibole, plagioclase, magnetite, apatite and sphene produced peraluminous HiBaSr granites. The impact of crustal assimilation is considered to be low. At about 1.8 Ga, the post-collisional shoshonitic magmatism brought juvenile material, particularly enriched in alkalis, LILE, LREE and F, into the crust. Although areally restricted, the regional distribution of the post-collisional intrusions may indicate that larger volumes of 1.8 Ga juvenile material resides in unexposed parts of the crust. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.


Keywords

apatite, Fennoscandian shield, lamprophyres, post-collisional magmatism, shoshonitic rocks, trace elements

Last updated on 2019-22-08 at 06:05