More Than Words: Fast Acquisition and Generalization of Orthographic Regularities During Novel Word Learning in Adults

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Laine M, Polonyi T, Abari K
Publiceringsår: 2014
Tidskrift: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Tidskriftsakronym: J PSYCHOLINGUIST RES
Volym: 43
Nummer: 4
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 381
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 396
Antal sidor: 16
ISSN: 0090-6905


In literates, reading is a fundamental channel for acquiring new vocabulary both in the mother tongue and in foreign languages. By using an artificial language learning task, we examined the acquisition of novel written words and their embedded regularities (an orthographic surface feature and a syllabic feature) in three groups of university students with different exposures (Group 1 saw 2 words once, Group 2 saw 20 words once, Group 3 saw 20 words three times). Recognition memory results for Groups 2 and 3 indicated that adults can learn novel written words even with just a single exposure, albeit repeated exposure improved target detection. A generalization task revealed that even the minimal exposure in Group 1 was enough for acquisition of the two embedded regularities. More exemplars and repeated exposure provided more robust effects for the syllable regularity. Finally, post-test interview showed that repeated exposure was needed to become aware of the regularities. The present results show that adults learn novel written words and their inherent regularities in a fast and effective fashion.


Artificial grammar learning, Lexicon, Orthography, Reading

Senast uppdaterad 2020-28-01 vid 03:27