Formal Derivation of Distributed MapReduce

A4 Conference proceedings

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Pereverzeva I, Butler M, Fathabadi AS, Laibinis L, Troubitsyna E
Editors: Ait Ameur Y, Schewe K
Publisher: Springer
Publication year: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Book title: Proceedings of ABZ 2014
Title of series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume number: 8477
Start page: 238
End page: 254
ISBN: 978-3-662-43651-6
eISBN: 978-3-662-43652-3
ISSN: 1503-111X


MapReduce is a powerful distributed data processing model that is currently adopted in a wide range of domains to efficiently handle large volumes of data, i.e., cope with the big data surge. In this paper, we propose an approach to formal derivation of the MapReduce framework. Our approach relies on stepwise refinement in Event-B and, in particular, the event refinement structure approach – a diagrammatic notation facilitating formal development. Our approach allows us to derive the system architecture in a systematic and well-structured way. The main principle of MapReduce is to parallelise processing of data by first mapping them to multiple processing nodes and then merging the results. To facilitate this, we formally define interdependencies between the map and reduce stages of MapReduce. This formalisation allows us to propose an alternative architectural solution that weakens blocking between the stages and, as a result, achieves a higher degree of parallelisation of MapReduce computations.


Event-B, formal modelling, MapReduce, refinement

Last updated on 2020-31-05 at 04:10