Teaching Methods in Biology Education and Sustainability Education Including Outdoor Education for Promoting Sustainability: A Literature Review

A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Eila Jeronen, Irmeli Palmberg, Eija Yli-Panula
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Education Sciences
Journal acronym: Educ. Sci
Volume number: 7
Issue number: 1
Start page: 1
End page: 19
eISSN: 2227-7102


There are very few studies concerning the importance of teaching methods in biology education and environmental education including outdoor education for promoting sustainability at the levels of primary and secondary schools and pre-service teacher education. The material was selected using special keywords from biology and sustainable education in several scientific databases. The article provides an overview of 24 selected articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals from 2006–2016. The data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Altogether, 16 journals were selected and 24 articles were analyzed in detail. The foci of the analyses were teaching methods, learning environments, knowledge and thinking skills, psychomotor skills, emotions and attitudes, and evaluation methods. Additionally, features of good methods were investigated and their implications for teaching were emphasized. In total, 22 different teaching methods were found to improve sustainability education in different ways. The most emphasized teaching methods were those in which students worked in groups and participated actively in learning processes. Research points toward the value of teaching methods that provide a good introduction and supportive guidelines and include active participation and interactivity.

Last updated on 2020-08-08 at 07:30