Modeling of selective non-catalytic reduction system using detailed chemistry and a jet-entrainment model

A4 Conference proceedings

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Anders Brink, Markus Engblom, Mikko Hupa
Editors: Dorota Bankiewicz, Mia Mäkinen, Patrik Yrjas
Place: Turku
Publication year: 2015
Publisher: Åbo Akademi
Book title: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Fluidized Bed Conversion
Volume number: 2
Start page: 1216
End page: 1225
ISBN: 978-952-12-3223-7


Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction is a secondary mean for abating NOx emissions in FBC boilers. This paper focus on ammonium-based SNCR solutions, where carrier air is used for introducing NH3 into the upper freeboard. The SNCR process is studied using a detailed description of the chemistry, combined with a simplified description of the fluid dynamics. This description is based on a plug-flow reactor concept extended with a continuous entrainment of flue gas, able to quantitatively model the flow in a jet. Both SNCR solutions based on NH3 injection in a gaseous form as well as using an aqueous solution is investigated. Additional parameters are the temperature of the flue gas entrained into the jet, the composition of the flue gas as well as the ratio between NH3 and NOx. The numerical study shows that using small air jets to inject NH3 into the upper free board results in that most of the NH3 reacts in a region where the NH3/NO ratio is high. Consequently, the reduction efficiency is not sensitive to the initial NH3 level. Tests using a carrier air based SNCR system in a biomass fired FBC partly supports the findings from the numerical study. These data shows that a similar SNCR efficiency can be obtained using a large variation of NH3/NO ratios. On the other hand, in the experimental results also higher efficiency was observed, which cannot be explained by the model, partly due to large uncertainties in the boundary conditions.

Last updated on 2019-18-06 at 06:43