The base-catalyzed transformation of tetramethyldisiloxane: influence of reaction media

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Antonina Kupareva, Päivi Mäki-Arvela, Henrik Grénman, Kari Eränen, Dmitry Yu. Murzin
Publiceringsår: 2015
Tidskrift: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Tidskriftsakronym: J Chem Technol Biotechnol
Volym: 90
Nummer: 1
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 34
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 43
eISSN: 1097-4660


Nowadays, different automotive sources generate globally large amounts of used oils. To achieve maximum energy conservation and environmental benefits, re-refining of used oil is preferable. Since removal of silicon and its chemical species is of great interest in the oil recycling industry, the aim of this study was to improve understanding of the behaviour of silicon-containing compounds at industrially relevant alkali treatment conditions.

At industrially relevant alkali treatment conditions transformations of the model hydrogen-terminated tetramethyldisiloxane (TMDS) resulted in the formation of solid siloxanolate salts. The activation energy for TMDS transformation in the presence of 33 wt% aqueous KOH was found to be 37 kJ mol−1, which is almost two-fold lower than that for NaOH. The experimental data demonstrated that the formation of solid products undesired from an industrial point of view can be diminished by an addition of either an alcoholic solvent or dimethyl carbonate.

The experimental results obtained can be utilized for optimization of silicon-containing used oil recycling. In particular KOH as an alkali agent is more efficient than NaOH; addition of methanol dramatically increases the reaction rate, while dimethyl carbonate introduced into the reaction mixture enhances selectivity to the liquid products.

Senast uppdaterad 2020-28-09 vid 03:49