# The relationship between mathematical skills, mathematical self-concept, and test anxiety in Finnish and Swedish grade-3 students

A3 Book section, Chapters in research books

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Johan Korhonen, Karin Linnanmäki, Camilla Svens-Liavåg, Mikaela Nyroos

Editors: Anne Berit Fuglestad

Publication year: 2013

Publisher: Portal forlag

Book title: Special needs education in mathematics. New trends, problems and possibilities

Start page: 104

End page: 114

ISBN: 978-82-92712-98-6

Abstract

This paper reports a cross-national study on students´ mathematical skills, mathematical self-concept, and test anxiety in grade 3. A total of 172 students from 6 different schools in Finland and Sweden participated in the study. We utilized structural equation modelling and specified a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis model to investigate the relationship between mathematical skills, mathematical self-concept and test anxiety in boys and girls. Consistent with the literature we found evidence for strong relationship between mathematical skills and mathematical self-concept. In contrast to the literature no relationship between mathematical skills and test anxiety was found. However, mathematical self-concept was found to be related to test anxiety, which is in line with previous research. Gender differences in favour of boys emerged in the level of mathematical self-concept and test-anxiety but not in mathematical skills.

Keywords

mathematical self-concept, mathematical skills, test anxiety