Effects of conformational activation of integrin alpha 1I and alpha 2I domains on selective recognition of laminin and collagen subtypes

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Mira Tulla, Matti Lahti, J. Santeri Puranen, Anna-Maria Brandt, Jarmo Käpylä, Anna Domogatskaya, Tiina A.Salminen, Karl Tryggvason, Mark S.Johnson, Jyrki Heino
Förläggare: ELSEVIER INC
Publiceringsår: 2008
Tidskrift: Experimental Cell Research
Tidskriftsakronym: EXP CELL RES
Volym: 314
Nummer: 8
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 1734
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 1743
Antal sidor: 10
ISSN: 0014-4827
eISSN: 1090-2422


Collagen receptor integrins alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 can selectively recognize different collagen subtypes. Here we show that their alpha I domains can discriminate between laminin isoforms as well: alpha 1I and alpha 2I recognized laminin-111, -211 and -511, whereas their binding to laminin-411 was negligible. Residue Arg-218 in alpha 1 was found to be instrumental in high-avidity binding. The gain-of-function mutation E318W makes the alpha 2I domain to adopt the "open" high-affinity conformation, while the wild-type alpha 2I domain favors the "closed" low-affinity conformation. The E318W mutation markedly increased alpha 2I domain binding to the laminins (-111, -211 and -511), leading us to propose that the activation state of the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin defines its role as a laminin receptor. However, neither wild-type nor alpha 2IE318W domain could bind to laminin-411. alpha 2IE318W also bound tighter to all collagens than alpha 2I wild-type, but it showed reduced ability to discriminate between collagens I, IV and IX. The corresponding mutation, E317A, in the alpha 1I domain transformed the domain into a high-avidity binder of collagens I and IV. Thus, our results indicate that conformational activation of integrin alpha 1I and alpha 2I domains leads to high-avidity binding to otherwise disfavoured Collagen subtypes. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


integrin activation, integrin alpha I domain, laminin, ligand selectivity

Senast uppdaterad 2020-28-05 vid 05:53