How to Train a Cell-Cutting-Edge Molecular Tools

A2 Granskningsartikel, litteraturgranskning, systematisk granskning


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Czapinski J, Kielbus M, Kalafut J, Kos M, Stepulak A, Rivero-Muller A
Förläggare: FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Publiceringsår: 2017
Tidskrift: Frontiers in Chemistry
Tidskriftsakronym: FRONT CHEM
Volym: 5
Antal sidor: 25
ISSN: 2296-2646


Abstrakt

In biological systems, the formation of molecular complexes is the currency for all cellular processes. Traditionally, functional experimentation was targeted to single molecular players in order to understand its effects in a cell or animal phenotype. In the last few years, we have been experiencing rapid progress in the development of ground-breaking molecular biology tools that affect the metabolic, structural, morphological, and (epi) genetic instructions of cells by chemical, optical (optogenetic) and mechanical inputs. Such precise dissection of cellular processes is not only essential for a better understanding of biological systems, but will also allow us to better diagnose and fix common dysfunctions. Here, we present several of these emerging and innovative techniques by providing the reader with elegant examples on how these tools have been implemented in cells, and, in some cases, organisms, to unravel molecular processes in minute detail. We also discuss their advantages and disadvantages with particular focus on their translation to multicellular organisms for in vivo spatiotemporal regulation. We envision that further developments of these tools will not only help solve the processes of life, but will give rise to novel clinical and industrial applications.


Nyckelord

cell communication, controlling behavior, gene editing, Gene Expression Regulation, optogenetics, protein interactions, signaling pathways, synthetic biology

Senast uppdaterad 2019-11-11 vid 03:17