Enhancement of solid dissolution by ultrasound

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Henrik Grénman, Elena Murzina, Mats Rönnholm, Kari Eränen, Jyri-Pekka Mikkola, Marko Lahtinen, Tapio Salmi, Dmitry Yu. Murzin
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2007
Journal: Chemical Engineering and Processing
Journal acronym: Chem. Eng. Process.
Volume number: 46
Issue number: 9
Start page: 862
End page: 869
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0255-2701
eISSN: 1873-3204


The ultrasonic enhancement of the reduction of dissolved ferric iron (Fe3+) to ferrous iron (Fe2+) with sphalerite (zinc sulfide) concentrate in a sulfuric acid solution, which is an industrially important reaction in zinc production, was studied.

The temperature of the experiments varied between 75 degrees C and 95 degrees C. The initial concentrations of ferric iron and sphalerite were 0.179 mol/L and 0.107 mol/L, i.e. 1.2:2 reducing agent-to-ferric iron molar ratio was used in a 0.40 M sulfuric acid solution. The effect of ultrasonic power, duration of ultrasound cycles and the time between the cycles were studied. The concentration of ferric iron was determined by sequential injection analysis (SIA).

The apparent effect of ultrasound varied depending on the conditions used, but it clearly enhanced the rate of the reaction especially when the impact of mass transfer was essential.

Eleven different models were tested for silent systems. These models are utilized in the present kinetic study for explaining the kinetics of the reduction reaction of spherical particles when ultrasound is employed.


sphalerite concentrate, variable effect

Last updated on 2020-01-06 at 03:30