Dissolution of boehmite in sodium hydroxide at ambient pressure: kinetics and modelling

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Henrik Grénman, Tapio Salmi, Dmitry Yu. Murzin, Jonas Addai-Mensah
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2010
Journal: Hydrometallurgy
Journal acronym: Hydrometallurgy
Volume number: 102
Issue number: 1-4
Start page: 22
End page: 30
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0304-386X
eISSN: 1879-1158


Abstract

The kinetics of the digestion rate of pure boehmite in concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions was studied experimentally and modelled mathematically. The experiments were performed under ambient pressure and at 60 degrees C-85 degrees C in the kinetic regime. The changes in morphology of the solid phase were studied during the reaction by particle size, porosity and surface area measurements as well as SEM imaging. The reaction rate was observed to be strongly dependent on temperature and hydroxide concentration. The kinetics was determined for the solid-liquid reaction by taking into account the morphological changes during the reaction. The influence of boehmite on the dissolution kinetics of gibbsite was investigated, too. Moreover, the boehmite model was compared to experimental data from literature on the leaching of boehmite from actual high level nuclear waste.


Keywords

Boehmite, Radioactive sludge, Sodium hydroxide

Last updated on 2019-22-08 at 07:09