Demonstrating the conservation of angular momentum using spherical magnets

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Linden J, Slotte J, Källman KM
Publisher: AMER ASSOC PHYSICS TEACHERS
Publication year: 2018
Journal: American Journal of Physics
Journal acronym: AM J PHYS
Volume number: 86
Issue number: 1
Start page: 25
End page: 30
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0002-9505


Abstract

An experimental setup for demonstrating the conservation of angular momentum of rotating spherical magnets is described. Two spherical Nd-Fe-B magnets are placed on a double inclined plane and projected towards each other with pre-selected impact parameters ranging from zero to a few tens of millimeters. After impact, the two magnets either revolve vigorously around the common center of mass or stop immediately, depending on the value of the impact parameter. Using a pick-up coil connected to an oscilloscope, the angular frequency for the rotating magnets was measured, and an estimate for the angular momentum was obtained. A high-speed video camera captured the impact and was used for measuring linear and angular velocities of the magnets. A very good agreement between the initial angular momentum before the impact and the final angular momentum of the revolving dumbbell is observed. The two rotating magnets, and the rotating electromagnetic field emanating from them, can also be viewed as a toy model for the newly discovered gravitational waves, where two black holes collide after revolving around each other. (Enhanced online) (C) 2018 American Association of Physics Teachers.

Last updated on 2019-15-10 at 03:24