Controlled time release and leaching of silver nanoparticles using a thin immobilizing layer of aluminum oxide

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Kofi J.Brobbey, Janne Haapanen, Marianne Gunell, Martti Toivakka, Jyrki M. Mäkelä, Erkki Eerola, Rizwan Ali, Muhammad R. Saleem, Seppo Honkanen, Johan Bobacka, Jarkko J. Saarinen
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Thin Solid Films
Volume number: 645
Start page: 166
End page: 172
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 0040-6090
eISSN: 1879-2731


Silver nanoparticles are widely used as antibacterial agents in consumer products. There have been concerns about the environmental exposure and their toxic effect to organisms such as fish. Studies have quantified the release of silver from various products including textiles and plastics that use silver as an antibacterial agent, yet there is no unified standard for the measurement of silver release. Additionally, there is limited information about the release of silver from glass surfaces coated with silver nanoparticles. While immobilizing silver to substrates will ultimately reduce environmental exposure, deliberately controlling silver release will also reduce the amount of silver released into the environment. In this study, silver nanoparticles were synthesized and deposited onto glass using an aerosol pyrolysis process, i. e. the Liquid Flame Spray. The deposited silver nanoparticles were further coated with a thin layer of aluminum oxide that was fabricated by atomic layer deposition. The leaching of silver from the coated glass was measured in water over a period of six days. The results show that a 15 nm thin layer of aluminum oxide is able to inhibit the release of silver up to 48 h, thereby providing a way to control the release of silver in time.


Atomic layer deposition, Controlled time release, Silver leaching, Silver nanoparticles


Last updated on 2020-04-08 at 05:30