Set shifting training with categorization tasks

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Anna Soveri, Otto Waris, Matti Laine
Publiceringsår: 2013
Tidskrift: PLoS ONE
eISSN: 1932-6203


Abstrakt

The very few cognitive training studies targeting an important executive
function, set shifting, have reported performance improvements that
also generalized to untrained tasks. The present randomized controlled
trial extends set shifting training research by comparing previously
used cued training with uncued training. A computerized adaptation of
the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test was utilized as the training task in a
pretest-posttest experimental design involving three groups of
university students. One group received uncued training (n = 14),
another received cued training (n = 14) and the control group (n = 14)
only participated in pre- and posttests. The uncued training group
showed posttraining performance increases on their training task, but
neither training group showed statistically significant transfer
effects. Nevertheless, comparison of effect sizes for transfer effects
indicated that our results did not differ significantly from the
previous studies. Our results suggest that the cognitive effects of
computerized set shifting training are mostly task-specific, and would
preclude any robust generalization effects with this training.


Senast uppdaterad 2019-21-11 vid 04:09