Five-year change in morale is associated with negative life events in very old age

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Marina Näsman, Johan Niklasson, Jan Saarela, Mikael Nygård, Birgitta Olofsson, Mia Conradsson, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson, Fredrica Nyqvist
Förläggare: Routledge, Taylor & Francis
Publiceringsår: 2019
Tidskrift: Aging and Mental Health
Volym: 23
Nummer: 1
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 84
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 91
eISSN: 1364-6915


Objectives: The objectives were to study changes in morale in
individuals 85 years and older, and to assess the effect of negative
life events on morale over a five-year follow-up period.

The present study is based on longitudinal data from the
Umeå85+/GERDA-study, including individuals 85 years and older at
baseline (n = 204). Morale was measured with the Philadelphia
Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS). Negative life events were
assessed using an index including 13 negative life events occurring
during the follow-up period. Linear regression was used for the
multivariate analyses.

Results: The majority of the sample
(69.1%) had no significant changes in morale during the five-year
follow-up. However, the accumulation of negative life events was
significantly associated with a greater decrease in PGCMS. A higher
baseline PGCMS score did not attenuate the adverse effect negative life
events had on morale.

Conclusion: Morale seemed to be
mainly stable in a five-year follow-up of very old people. It seems,
nonetheless, that individuals are affected by negative life events,
regardless of level of morale. Preventing negative life events and
supporting individuals who experience multiple negative life events
could have important implications for the care of very old people.

Senast uppdaterad 2020-25-01 vid 03:23