16−17-vuotiaiden suomalaisnuorten puheäänen korkeus

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Ilkka Ketolainen, Minna Laakso, Susanna Simberg
Publisher: Puheen ja kielen tutkimuksen yhdistys
Publication year: 2017
Journal: Puhe ja kieli
Volume number: 37
Issue number: 4
Start page: 259
End page: 277


Fundamental frequency (F0) in speech is mainly defined by anatomical and biological
factors, but it is also affected by different socio-cultural and behavioral models of voice
usage. Unoptimal voice usage models can lead to voice disorders. This research examined
the F0 of 16−17-year-old Finnish native speakers in reading and in spontaneous speech.
In addition, the F0 in a sustained vowel as well as the reading speed was measured, and the
students were asked to evaluate their own F0 on a VAS scale. The results were compared
with Aino Sallinen-Kuparinen’s (1985) study, which stated that the speakers’ educational
background and sex influence their F0.
The speaking behaviour of Finnish students seems to have changed during the past 30
years: in the original study, girls attending a vocational school used a higher F0 than girls
attending a high school. In addition, the speakers’ sex contributed to some differences in
the students’ speaking behaviour. In the present study, neither the educational background
nor the speaker’s sex had an effect on the pitch level. The girls’ F0 was 216 Hz in reading
and 213 Hz in spontaneous speech. The boys had a low F0 compared to international
studies: 101 Hz in reading and 97 Hz in spontaneous speech. Possibly the boys in this age
are affected by a social norm, which values a low speaking fundamental frequency. Low F0
was preferred also in the self-evaluation: the majority of the test persons estimated their
own F0 to be lower than average.

Last updated on 2019-22-05 at 06:15