Appearance of trace elements in co-firing fuels

A4 Conference proceedings

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Zevenhoven M, Backman R, Skrifvars BJ, Hupa M
Editors: Jia L
Place: New York
Publication year: 2005
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME
Book title: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
Start page: 697
End page: 717
ISBN: 0-7918-4698-9
ISSN: 0197-453X


With the implementation of new EU guidelines the levels of max. allowable emission levels of Cd, Tl, Hg, Sb, As, Pb, Cr, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, V will be further restricted. This may have implications for co-​combustion of coal with waste derived fuels.

In this study chem. fractionation, i.e. a stepwise leaching procedure has been applied on coal, peat, sewage sludge, bark, impregnated wood and forest residue. With this method fuels are leached in three steps, i.e. leached with water, ammonium acetate and hydro chloric acid, resp. Both soly. in different leaching agents of main ash forming matter and the trace elements Cd, Tl, Hg, Sb, As, Pb, Cr, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, V and Zn were studied. In this way more information became available about the characteristics of co-​firing fuels.

Thermodn. calcns. were used to show the consequences of the interaction with main ash forming elements on the partition of Cd, Hg, Pb and Zn in the gas​/ash phase.

Last updated on 2020-22-01 at 03:34