The effect of chemical additives on the strength, stiffness and elongation potential of paper

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Anders Strand, Alexey Khakalo, Jarmo Kouko, Antti Oksanen, Annika Ketola, Kristian Salminen, Orlando Rojas, Elias Retulainen, Anna Sundberg
Förläggare: Mid Sweden University
Förlagsort: Sundsvall
Publiceringsår: 2017
Tidskrift: Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
Tidskriftsakronym: Nord. Pulp Pap. Res. J.
Volym: 32
Nummer: 3
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 324
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 335
Antal sidor: 12
ISSN: 0283-2631
eISSN: 2000-0669


Abstrakt

The effects of wet-end additions of cationic starches and/or carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) on paper properties was determined by papermaking trials. The aim of this study was to mitigate the distinctive decrease in strength and stiffness due to unrestrained drying by addition of wet-end additives, while maintaining the extraordinarily high stretch potential of papers after unrestrained drying.Addition of the different polysaccharides increased the tensile index and density of the paper. The largest incgtreases in tensile index and stiffness were seen when combining cationic starches with CMC. With certain combinations of cationic starch and CMC, it was possible to increase the tensile index and stiffness of the paper, while maintaining the high elongation at break after unrestrained drying.To complement the results from the papermaking trials, adsorption of cationic starches and CMC onto cellulose nanofibril model surfaces was studied by QCM-D and SPR techniques. The additives adsorbed onto cellulose surfaces as soft gels, containing a large amount of coupled water. Adsorption of soft and malleable polysaccharide layers in the fiber-fiber joints enhanced the paper properties significantly on a macroscopic level. The softest and most swollen polysaccharide layers resulted in the largest increases in tensile index and stiffness of paper


Nyckelord

carboxymethyl cellulose, cationic starch, extendable fiber network, paper shrinkage, stretch, Tensile index, tensile stiffness, unrestrained drying


Dokument


Senast uppdaterad 2019-17-10 vid 03:59