When who and how matter: explaining the success of referendums in Europe

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)

Interna författare/redaktörer

Publikationens författare: Nanuli Silagadze, Sergiu Gherghina
Förläggare: Springer Link
Publiceringsår: 2017
Tidskrift: Comparative European Politics
Volym: online article
Nummer: 19.9.2017
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 1
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 18


This article aims to identify the institutional factors that make a referendum successful. This comparative analysis seeks to explain the success of top-down referendums organized in Europe between 2001 and 2013. It argues and tests for the main effect of three institutional factors (popularity of the initiator, size of parliamentary majority, and political cues during referendum campaigns) and controls for the type of referendum and voter turnout. The analysis uses data collected from referendums and electoral databases, public opinion surveys, and newspaper articles. Results show that referendums proposed by a large parliamentary majority or with clear messages from political parties during campaign are likely to be successful.


referendum, direct democracy, success,party cues

Senast uppdaterad 2020-25-01 vid 03:30