Direct Synthesis of 1-Butanol from Ethanol in a Plug Flow Reactor: Reactor and Reaction Kinetics Modeling

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: T. Riittonen, T. Salmi, J.-P. Mikkola, J. Wärnå
Publication year: 2014
Journal: Topics in Catalysis
Journal acronym: Top Catal
Volume number: 57
Issue number: 17-20
Start page: 1425
End page: 1429
eISSN: 1572-9028


Bio-ethanol is well known for its use as a gasoline additive. However, it can be blended in low portions to traditional gasoline although it has a corrosive nature. By taking advantage of modern continuous reactor technology and heterogeneous alumina catalysts, ethanol can be upgraded to 1-butanol in fixed beds. Butanol has more feasible properties as fuel component in comparison to ethanol. Mathematical modeling of reaction kinetics revealed a simple kinetic model could be used to describe the complex reaction process on a Cu/alumina catalyst. The reaction kinetics model is based on five parallel reactions in which ethanol reacts to 1-butanol, acetealdehyde, ethyl acetate, diethyl ether and diethoxyethane, respectively.

Last updated on 2020-07-06 at 05:28