Fuel and thermal NO formation during black liquor droplet pyrolysis with envelope flame

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Paulo S.P. da Silva, Markus Engblom, Anders Brink, Leena Hupa
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2020
Journal: Fuel
Volume number: 271
eISSN: 1873-7153


Abstract

The behaviour of black liquor nitrogen under pyrolysis with envelope flame was investigated with experiments in single-particle combustion with measurements of CO and CO2 and NO. Char carbon and nitrogen retention after pyrolysis were also measured with CHNS analysis of char residue. The combustion environment had a temperature from 800 °C to 1000 °C with 0% to 15% O2 in N2 or Ar with a droplet size of 10 mg. Also, gas phase simulations of the enveloping flame surrounding the black liquor droplet using FLUENT and CHEMKIN software with detailed chemistry were also conducted to understand nitrogen volatile chemistry better. Thermal NO was observed at 1000 °C with O2 concentrations above 10% and at 900 °C with 15% O2. Fuel nitrogen conversion to NO averaged 25% of black liquor nitrogen. Simulations showed that the unaccounted nitrogen fraction in experimental results is most likely reduced to N2. A previously developed CFD boiler model was used to assess how much of black liquor pyrolysis occurs in conditions found to be conducive to thermal NO. Only 0.05% of black liquor droplets would pyrolyze in conditions were thermal NO would form. The boiler model also showed that 30% of black liquor droplets would pyrolize with an envelope flame, which makes fuel nitrogen reach the bulk gas phase of the recovery boiler as NO and N2 instead of NH3.


Last updated on 2020-06-08 at 07:21