Ampelodesmos mauritanicus a new sustainable source for nanocellulose substrates

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Hichem Zergane, Saïd Abdi, Huanfei Xu, Jarl Hemming, Xiaoju Wang, Stefan Willför, Youssef Habibi
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2020
Journal: Industrial Crops and Products
Journal acronym: Ind. Crops Prod.
Volume number: 144
eISSN: 1872-633X


Abstract

In this work nanocellulose substrates e. g. cellulose nanofibrils and nanocrystals were isolated from an abundant renewable resource Ampelodesmos mauritanicus fibers. Cellulose nanocrystals CNCs were isolated from the fibers by means of acid hydrolysis while cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were isolated by combination of TEMPO-mediated oxidation and mechanical shearing using high-pressure homogenizer. The chemical composition of Ampelodesmos mauritanicus fibers was analyzed prior to the isolation of the different nanocellulose substrates in order to optimize their extraction processes. The morphology, geometry, and distribution of the cellulosic nanoparticles were performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the crystalline structure and the crystallite size were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface charge of CNCs and the degree of oxidation of CNFs were examined by Zeta potential and conductometric titration. The nanocellulose substrates extracted from Ampelodesmos mauritanicus fibers exhibit a diameter of 5.64 ± 1.5 nm and length of 108.95 ± 13.7 nm for CNCs and 6.1 ± 1.5 nm and a few micrometers for CNFs.


Last updated on 2020-01-10 at 04:07