Nordic Student Teachers’ Views on the Most Efficient Teaching and Learning Methods for Species and Species Identification

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Irmeli Palmberg, Sirpa Kärkkäinen, Eila Jeronen, Eija Yli-Panula, Christel Persson
Publisher: MDPI
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Sustainability
Volume number: 11


need knowledge of species and species identification skills for teaching the
structure and function of ecosystems, and the principles of biodiversity and
its role in sustainability. The aim of this study is to analyze Nordic student
teachers’ views on the most efficient methods and strategies to teach and learn
species and species identification, and to find some trends about how well
their views are reflected in a species identification test. Student teachers in
Finland, Norway, and Sweden (N = 426)
answered a questionnaire consisting of fixed and open-ended questions, and a
species identification test. An analysis of variance, Chi-Square, and t-test were used for quantitative data
and an inductive content analysis for qualitative data. Results showed that outdoor
teaching and learning methods are more efficient than indoor methods. The
majority of student teachers considered outdoor experiential learning with
living organisms as the most efficient teaching and learning method. Student
teachers who highlighted outdoor experiential learning and outdoor project work
as their most efficient methods received significantly better results in the
species identification test than the others. Field trips and fieldwork were
emphasized as the most important sources in schools and universities, while the
Internet was the most important source among media. The student teachers
underlined teachers’ expertise in the form of in-depth understanding of subjects
and supervising skills for efficient teaching both outdoors and indoors.
Therefore, teaching and learning of species and species identification as the
practical part of biodiversity and sustainability education is emphasized as an
integral part of teacher education programs.


biodiversity, species concept, Sustainability, teacher education, Teacher professional development, TEACHING METHODS

Last updated on 2020-26-01 at 03:01