The Role of Potassium in the Melting Behaviour of Recovery Boiler Smelt: An Experimental Study and Thermodynamic Analysis

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Daniel Lindberg, Niklas Koivunen, Mikko Hupa, Leena Hupa
Publisher: PULP & PAPER TECHNICAL ASSOC CANADA
Publication year: 2018
Journal: J-For: the Journal of Science and Technology for Forest Products and Processes
Journal acronym: J-FOR
Volume number: 7
Issue number: 3
Start page: 56
End page: 64
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1927-6311
eISSN: 1927-632X


Abstract

Potassium and chlorine are the two main non-process elements that can be significantly enriched in the pulping and recovery process due to the high solubility of potassium and chloride salts in liquor. Both elements have a significant effect on the melting and flow properties of recovery boiler smelt. Therefore, a laboratory study was conducted to measure the melting behaviour of synthetic smelt mixtures rich in potassium and of smelt samples with varying potassium contents. The melting of the mixtures was measured with a simultaneous TGA/ DSC apparatus. Solidus (T-0), liquidus (T-100), and phase transitions were measured during sample heating and cooling. The experimental results were compared to results from thermodynamic modelling. The largest differences between calculated and measured solidus and liquidus temperatures occurred for K-rich mixtures. The new experimental data can be used to improve the accuracy of thermodynamic models for predicting the melting of K-rich recovery boiler smelts and deposits. This new information is important because some mills let their potassium levels rise.

Last updated on 2019-16-09 at 06:39