Policy Agenda and Legitimation: Referendums on Interethnic Relations in Central and Eastern Europe

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Sergiu Gherghina, Nanuli Silagadze
Publication year: 2018
Journal: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
Volume number: 24
Issue number: 4
Start page: 389
End page: 410
eISSN: 1557-2986


The increasing use of referendums in contemporary societies raises

several questions about their emergence. Among these, it is unclear

why controversial and sensitive issues are subjected to popular vote.

So far, limited research has investigated why referendums on

interethnic relations are initiated. This article seeks to address this

gap in the literature and analyzes these reasons by focusing on all

five referendums called on interethnic relations in Central and

Eastern Europe. These referendums are those organized in Estonia

(1992), Latvia (1998 and 2012), Hungary (2004) and Slovenia

(2004). The findings of our qualitative analysis reveal that the

initiators were driven either by agenda-setting or policy

legitimation incentives.

Last updated on 2020-25-09 at 06:03