Chemical characterization of Pinus halepensis sapwood and heartwood

A1 Journal article (refereed)

Internal Authors/Editors

Publication Details

List of Authors: Nacera Benouadah, Djamel Aliouche, Andrey Pranovich, Stefan Willför
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Wood Material Science and Engineering
Journal acronym: Wood Mater. Sci. Eng.
Volume number: 14
Issue number: 3
Start page: 157
End page: 164
eISSN: 1748-0280


This paper describes the chemical composition of sapwood (SW) and heartwood (HW) of Pinus halepensis Mill stem. Extractives were first isolated by accelerated solvent extraction and then analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The cellulosic polysaccharide content present in the pre-extracted wood samples was determined with acid hydrolysis and GC. The hemicelluloses content was determined with acid methanolysis and GC. Free monomers were additionally analysed by GC. The amount of lignin was determined gravimetrically by the Klason lignin method and the acid-soluble lignin was determined by a UV method. Formic and acetic acids in wood were determined after alkaline hydrolysis and analysed by HP-SEC. It was found that lipophilic and hydrophilic extractives were more abundant in heartwood (1.6% and 2.5%) than in sapwood (1.1% and 1.8%). Celluloses content was higher in sapwood (42.5%) than in heartwood (39.7%), whereas lignin, hemicelluloses and sugar monomer contents were more abundant in heartwood (28.9%, 26.8% and 0.3%) than in sapwood (28.0%, 24.5% and 0.2%). The variation in acetic and formic acids and ash contents between sapwood (0.7%, 0.2% and 0.5%) and heartwood (0.6%, 0.1% and 0.4%) was small. The acetylation degrees were found to be slightly similar in sapwood (0.4) and heartwood (0.3).


Acetic acid, cellulose, heartwood, hemicelluloses, lignin, Pinus halepensis, sapwood

Last updated on 2020-25-02 at 07:40