Rapid Electrochemiluminoimmunoassay of Human C-Reactive Protein at Planar Disposable Oxide-Coated Silicon Electrodes

A1 Journal article (refereed)


Internal Authors/Editors


Publication Details

List of Authors: Timo Ala-Kleme, Piia Mäkinen, Tiina Ylinen, Leif Väre, Sakari Kulmala, Petri Ihalainen, Jouko Peltonen
Publication year: 2006
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Journal acronym: Anal Chem
Volume number: 78
Issue number: 1
Start page: 82
End page: 88
ISSN: 0003-2700


Abstract

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of aromatic Tb(III) chelates at thin insulating film-coated electrodes provides a means for extremely sensitive detection of Tb(III) chelates and also of biologically interesting compounds if these chelates are used as labels in bioaffinity assays. The suitability of silicon electrodes coated with thermally grown silicon dioxide film as disposable working electrodes in sensitive time-resolved ECL measurements is demonstrated, and a rapid electrochemiluminoimmunoassay (ECLIA) of human C-reactive protein (hCRP) is described. Tb(III) chelate labels can be detected almost down to picomolar level, and the calibration curve of these labels covers more than 6 orders of magnitude of chelate concentration. The calibration curve of the present immunometric hCRP assay was found to be linear over a wide range, approximately 4 orders of magnitude of hCRP concentration, the detection limit of the protein being 0.3 ng mL(-1) (mean background + 2SD) on CV values of about 10-30%, depending on the immunoassay incubation time. In the ECLIA measurements, different incubation times were tested from 15 min (giving above-mentioned performance) to as short as only 2 min, which still gave successful results with approximately 20,000 times better detection limit levels than traditional commercial assay methods. During the ECLIA process, also the Si electrode surface morphology was also investigated by atomic force microscope monitoring.


Keywords

Chemical sensor, C-reactive protein, electroluminescence, Immunoassay, material sciences

Last updated on 2019-21-09 at 02:44