Characterization of the sulfhydryl-sensitive site in the enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol in rat cerebellar membranes

A1 Originalartikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift (referentgranskad)


Interna författare/redaktörer


Publikationens författare: Saario, Salo, Nevalainen, Poso, Laitinen, Järvinen, Niemi
Publiceringsår: 2005
Tidskrift: Chemistry and Biology
Tidskriftsakronym: Chem Biol
Volym: 12
Nummer: 6
Artikelns första sida, sidnummer: 649
Artikelns sista sida, sidnummer: 656
ISSN: 1074-5521
eISSN: 1879-1301


Abstrakt

We have previously reported that the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol (2-AG), is hydrolyzed in rat cerebellar membranes by monoglyceride lipase (MGL)-like enzymatic activity. The present study shows that, like MGL, 2-AG-degrading enzymatic activity is sensitive to inhibition by sulfhydryl-specific reagents. Inhibition studies of this enzymatic activity by N-ethylmaleimide analogs revealed that analogs with bulky hydrophobic N-substitution were more potent inhibitors than hydrophilic or less bulky agents. Interestingly, the substrate analog N-arachidonylmaleimide was found to be the most potent inhibitor. A comparison model of MGL was constructed to get a view on the cysteine residues located near the binding site. These findings support our previous conclusion that the 2-AG-degrading enzymatic activity in rat cerebellar membranes corresponds to MGL or MGL-like enzyme and should facilitate further efforts to develop potent and more selective MGL inhibitors.

Senast uppdaterad 2019-07-12 vid 03:19